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Tana Dineen 1996, Manufacturing Victims: What the Psychology Industry is Doing to PeopleRobert Davies Publishing, rev.ed. 01/feb/2001 – 320 pages
In this revelatory, evidence based indictment of the profession, Dineen describes her sojourn from believer to critic. Early in her career in psychology (the 1960s) she was engaged to establish a system for monitoring and assessing the diagnostic treatment services in the Psychiatric Department of the Toronto General Hospital. Burgeoning disquiet with the personal, “patriarchal” beliefs of the mental health “experts” who were contaminating their work with patients prompted a career-long inquiry into the faults of the profession. Her conclusions are damning. Dineen was horrified at the flow of “beliefs disguised as findings” and the consistent tendency of psychologists to “translate all of life into a myriad of abuses, addictions and traumas.” Psychology “has become a big business,” Dineen writes. “It is simply no longer accurate to speak of it as a science and it is unscrupulously misleading to call it a profession.” It is rather, in Dineen’s view, “an industry focused on self-interest and propelled by financial incentives.” Worse, she says, many psychiatrists are making “social action” part of their mandate. Not surprising, since almost all practising psychiatrists today are products of universities whose mission since the 1960s has been to program students with politically correct thought and inculcate the concept of politically correct proselytism as a noble mission for intellectuals. First published in 1996 the book  is now available in its revised, updated and less expensive 3rd edition, it is no less popular nor less explosive than when it first appeared. Cited in Time and the New York Times, among other wide-circulation publications, Tana Dineen’s scathing attack on the abuses and misuses of corrupted psychotherapy is a must read for care-givers and care-takers alike. And for would-be care-takers too. Topics covered include Victim Making, Fabricated Victims, Selling Psychology as a Science, The Business of Psychology, The Technology of Victim-Making, The Rise to Power of the Psychology Industry, and Living in the Shadow of the Psychology Industry. Fully supported by end of book notes and index, and with a suggested reading list, this is one of the most important books on psychology to appear in recent years. The author has been often–and always unsuccessfully–attacked by representatives of corporate psychology who have resorted to character assassination rather than reason to try and prove Dr. Dineen wrong.

Some Hazards of the Therapeutic Relationship
Jane W. Temerlin, M. S. W., Maurice K. Temerlin, Ph. D.

A hazard of long-term psychotherapy is the possible erosion of the boundaries of the therapist-client relationship. Previous work has shown how charismatic psychotherapists can so manipulate the therapeutic relationship that they produce groups which function much like destructive religious cults. This paper describes the intrapsychic and interpersonal processes which lead to a destructive erosion of therapeutic boundaries as observed in psychotherapy cults. Techniques used by cult therapists are grouped in four categories: those which a) increase dependence, b) increase isolation, c) reduce critical thinking capacity, and d) discourage termination of therapy.

Bernie Brandchaft has gone. Sandy Shapiro remembers him:

In 1977 he came to San Diego, where I lived, and he taught us about Kohut. I had read Kohut but didn’t understand him. Bernie explained about empathic immersion and about an aspect of relating called the selfobject dimension. I had to learn to decenter from my perspective, Bernie said, and to immerse myself into the other person’s perspective. Once I got that it revolutionized both my clinical work and my personal relationships, and I was never again the same.
From the seminars Bernie taught in San Diego he developed a loyal following of students. And when I found out that Bernie liked to go fishing, I organized a fishing expedition for our group in Baja California, Mexico, where we fished during the day and sat around discussing the developing self psychology theory in the evening. We took turns presenting our most difficult cases to Bernie, and he always offered a unique perspective.
More recently a candidate class at ICP Los Angeles asked me to teach an elective course on Bernie’s work. I developed a bibliography and sent it to Bernie for comments. “This is my book,” he said. Three years later “Towards an Emancipatory Psychoanalysis” was published.
I invited Bernie to participate in one of our class sessions. He suffered from advance Parkinson’s Disease and declined the invitation. I then asked if he might participate by telephone. He agree but said he did not want to commit for more than 45 minutes. The class began and Bernie asked each student to say something about himself or herself. He invited questions and someone asked about a difficult clinical case. Bernie went silent for what seemed like a very long time, and then he came on the phone with a formulation of the case that amazed the student. Suddenly everyone had a case they wanted Bernie to discuss. An hour went by, I was getting anxious about the time, and I suggested we should stop.
The next day I called to thank Bernie for his participation, and he said that the experience helped him get through a difficult time. He was the thankful one.
I had been able to follow the developments in Bernie’s thinking over time as each year he presented a new paper to the annual self psychology conference. But in 1991, I was blown away when he seemed to be taking on the establishment in his Kohut Memorial Lecture, To Free the Spirit from Its Cell. In that paper Bernie said that those of us who slavishly insisted on just staying with the patient’s feelings were in danger of fostering an addiction to the analyst. What was needed, he said, was to immerse ourselves more deeply into the patient’s experience of automatically going along with the analyst’s way of thinking in order, the patient believed, to stay connected to the analyst.
Bernie told us that this need to accommodate in a relationship, no matter what the cost, results from a deeply unconscious structure that is not amenable to interpretation or insight. Only by paying close attention to subtle shifts in affect states can the analyst help the patient become aware of these automatic ways of being in a relationship.
Paying close attention to shifts in affect states does not come naturally to me. But the better I get at it, the easier my work becomes. And to me that is Bernie’s legacy.   Sandy Shapiro


Psychoanalysis was published by E.C. Comics in 1955. The comic featured three patients, Freddy Carter, Ellen Lyman and Mark Stone who were undergoing psychoanalysis. The analyst was the central character and only referred to as ‘The Psychiatrist’. According to the editors, “This magazine is our most difficult and revolutionary creative effort thus far. Through the medium of the comic format, we will attempt to portray, graphically and dramatically, the manner in which people find peace of mind through the science of psychoanalysis.” The comic was approved by the Comics Code Authority but newstands did not want to display it and the publication only lasted for a total of four issues.Psicoanalisi

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